NC State Turfgrass Releases Lobo™ Zoysiagrass

A group stands in front of a Sod Solutions turfgrass display

North Carolina State University’s Turfgrass Breeding and Genetics program, under the direction of Susana Milla-Lewis, has released Lobo™ Zoysiagrass (experimental name XZ 14069). Researchers selected Lobo from hundreds of nursery mates for its unusual combination of aggressive establishment and stress tolerance. ​​These traits were later confirmed by six years of multi-location trials under low input conditions. 

Lobo Zoysia will be exclusively licensed through Sod Solutions for commercial production and marketing. This release is NC State’s first warm-season turfgrass cultivar from Milla-Lewis’s breeding program that started in 2009.

A woman in a red shirt speaks to a crowd at the turfgrass field day
Turfgrass breeder Susana Milla-Lewis discusses Lobo’s traits at the 2021 NC State Turfgrass Field Day.

Rapidly Expanding Zoysiagrass Use

Zoysiagrasses are warm-season, perennial turfgrasses often used in home lawns, commercial landscapes, and golf courses across the southern U.S. They are generally known for their low maintenance requirements but slow establishment. Lobo is unique because it is fast to establish, drought-tolerant, and maintains good color and quality under very low inputs.

“This medium-fine zoysiagrass cultivar is simultaneously well adapted for infrequently managed areas like golf course roughs, roadsides, and airport in-fields but also for higher-end uses like home lawns, commercial landscapes and golf course fairways where aesthetics are equally important as maintenance. It’s truly a unicorn,” said Milla-Lewis.

Researchers installing NC DOT roadside turfgrass sod samples
The Lobo cultivar was tested with many others in low input conditions on NC roadsides where it exhibited quick establishment.

Standout Performance Coast to Coast

Lobo Zoysia has been a consistent top performer in roadside trials by the NC Department of Transportation and also a National Turfgrass Evaluation Program (NTEP) specialty trial. These Professional Golf Association (PGA) funded NTEP trials are currently conducted at eight sites from Florida to New Mexico. The trials are highly competitive and include other warm-season grass species like bermudagrass and buffalograss, known for their superior drought tolerance. Lobo repeatedly received top performance marks at these climatically diverse locations.

“Zoysiagrass is frequently grown in the southeastern U.S. but minimally in the West. This line shows the broader possibility of zoysiagrass use, especially in areas with significant drought stress or water restrictions,” Milla-Lewis said.

warm-season turfgrass sod trial blocks
NC State hosts both warm-season and cool-season NTEP trials at the Lake Wheeler Road Field Lab.

Relentless Praise

Select NC sod producers, Sod Solutions, and the North Carolina Sod Producers Association (NCSPA) helped support the development of Lobo by teaming up to form Turf Research North Carolina (TRNC) in 2016. Growers made financial contributions over a six-year period to fund research and development of Lobo and other materials yet to come out of the program. All NCSPA participating growers contributing to the program will have exclusive access to the grasses when they are released. 

Several of these sod growers hosted 200 square feet trial blocks of Lobo with impressive establishment results. One grower noted that stolons had already rooted at five points only three days after planting. “This grass is relentless,” he commented to Milla-Lewis.

Close up of Lobo Zoysia turfgrass runners
Lobo impressed both breeders and growers with its ability to quickly produce long runners with minimal inputs.


Lobo Zoysia production will be certified by NC Crop Improvement to ensure the purity of this genetically unique turfgrass. Participating sod farms are steadily increasing the production of Lobo and limited amounts of this zoysiagrass will be available for purchase in the summer of 2022.

Three men crouch down to examine a test plot of sod
A group examines a newly planted sample plot of Lobo Zoysia at NC State’s 2021 Turfgrass Field Day.

Cultivating Excellence  

“Dr. Milla-Lewis is one of the top breeders internationally,” said Tobey Wagner, president of Sod Solutions. “There was no hesitation to help support her program. We think Lobo will be one of the most versatile grasses on the market because of its many improved qualities but also because it will be one of the easiest cultivars out there to maintain with minimal upkeep.”

Milla-Lewis’s turfgrass breeding program focuses on drought-tolerant warm-season species and tall fescue. She expects to release a new St. Augustinegrass cultivar in 2022.

“CALS takes great pride in our plant breeding program, which has a rich history of plant improvements that benefit stakeholders around our state, nation and world,” said Steve Lommel, NC State College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Associate Dean of Research. “The release of ‘Lobo’ provides a zoysiagrass cultivar with new and improved traits for home, commercial and recreational applications in a green industry intent on sustainability.”

Close up of a Lobo Zoysiagrass sod sample tray
Lobo Zoysia (experimental name XZ14069) will be exclusively licensed through Sod Solutions for commercial production and marketing.

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NC State logo on turf