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Robert Reed


Ph.D., North Carolina State University (2001)
M.S., University of Tennessee, Knoxville (1979)
B.A., University of Tennessee, Knoxville (1974)

Research Interests

Interests include phytoplankton ecology with an emphasis on biophysical interactions in lakes, estuaries and the coastal ocean. Research has included work addressing estuarine water level variation in the Albemarle-Pamlico Estuary and an ongoing long-term nutrient trend study of the Neuse Estuary (NEMReP). A key component of all research has been the acquisition of large databases and the application of robust statistical methods to determine significant trends. I am also engaged in monitoring and examining long-term nutrient trends in three North Carolina drinking water reservoirs using real time remote monitoring equipment and dedicated field sampling trips. Other areas of research have included the development and application of novel environmental technologies, which resulted in a US patent granted to NCSU and subsequent licensing to YSI, Inc. Also, recent funding from NSF has provided the opportunity to examine the importance of phytoplankton emissions on cloud condensating nuclei in collaboration with NCSU atmospheric scientists.

CAAE equipment resources have provided opportunities for STEM education outreach and research with local universities, private foundations and North Carolina County education systems. The CAAE boat, RV Humphries, is a USCG certified Ocean Research Vessel (ORV) and provides a platform for targeting students, including university and grades 6 through 12, in environmental field trips and student research. The CAAE has a vigorous outreach program in the aquatic sciences that engages under represented minorities and economically disadvantage students.

Web Resources

Selected Publications

Meskhidze N., T.M. Royalty, B.N. Phillips, K.W. Dawson, M.D. Petters, R. Reed, J.P. Weinstein, D.A. Hook & R.W. Wiener (2018) Continuous flow Hygroscopicity-Resolved Relaxed Eddy Accumulation (Hy-Res REA) method of measuring size-resolved sea-salt particle fluxes. Aerosol. Sci. Tech. DOI: 10.1080/02786826.2017.1423174.

Royalty, T.M., B.N. Phillips, K.W. Dawson, R. Reed, N. Meskhidze & M.D. Petters (2017) Aerosol Properties Observed in the Subtropical North Pacific Boundary Layer. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 122, DOI: 10.1002/2017JD026897.

Meskhidze, N., A. Sabolis, R. Reed, and D. Kamykowski. 2015. Quantifying environmental stress induced emissions of algal isoprene and monoterpenes using laboratory measurements. Biogeosciences, 12, 637-651, doi:10.5194/bg-12-637-2015.

Miller, R.L., R.L. Lopez, R.P. Mulligan, R.E. Reed, C-C Liu, C.J. Buonassissi and M.M. Brown. Examining Material Transport in Dynamic Coastal Environments: An Integrated Approach Using Field Data, Remote Sensing and Numerical Modeling. In: C.W. Finkl and C. Makowski (eds.), Remote Sensing and Modeling: Advances in Coastal and Marine Resources, Coastal Research Library 9, DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-06326-3_14, Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014.

Null, K.A., D. R. Corbett, D.J. DeMaster, J.M. Burkholder, C.J.Thomas, R.E. Reed. 2011. Porewater advection of ammonium into the Neuse River Estuary, North Carolina, USA. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. Vol 95, (2–3), pp. 314–325

Reed, R.E., J.M. Burkholder, E.H. Allen. 2011. Recent Developments in Online Monitoring Technology for Surveillance of Algal Blooms, Potential Toxicity, and Physical/Chemical Structure in Rivers, Reservoirs, and Lakes. American Water Works Association (AWWA) Algae Manual M57.

Reed, R.E., D.A. Dickey, J.M. Burkholder, C.A. Kinder and C. Brownie. 2008. Water level variations in the Neuse and Pamlico Estuaries, North Carolina, due to local and remote forcing. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2007.05.049

Burkholder, J.M., D.A. Dickey, C. Kinder, R.E. Reed, M.A. Mallin, G. Melia, M.R. McIver, L.B. Cahoon, C. Brownie, N. Deamer, J. Springer, H. Glasgow, D. Toms and J. Smith. 2006. Comprehensive trend analysis of nutrients and related variables in a large eutrophic estuary: A decadal study of anthropogenic and climatic influences. Limnology and Oceanography 51:463-487.

Springer, J.J., J.M. Burkholder, P.M. Glibert, R.E. Reed. 2005. Use of a real-time remote monitoring network and shipborne sampling to characterize a dinoflagellate bloom in the Neuse Estuary, North Carolina, U.S.A. Harmful Algae 4:533-551.

U.S. Patent 7,040,157. May 9, 2006. Variable depth automated dynamic water profiler. Patent was assigned to scientists at NCSU-Center for Applied Aquatic Ecology for an automated water-column depth profiler. Commercial rights assigned to YSI, Inc. by the NCSU Office of Technology Transfer.

Reed, R.E., H.B. Glasgow, J.M. Burkholder, and C. Brownie. 2004. Seasonal halocline structure, nutrient distributions, and acoustic Doppler current profiler flow patterns over multiple years in a shallow, stratified estuary. Estuarine and Coastal Shelf Science 60:549-566.

Burkholder, J., D. Eggleston, H. Glasgow, C. Brownie, R. Reed, G. Melia, C. Kinder, G. Janowitz, R. Corbett, M. Posey, T. Alphin, D. Toms, N. Deamer, J. Springer. 2004. Comparative impacts of two major hurricane seasons on the Neuse River and western Pamlico Sound. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 101:9291-9296.

Glasgow, H.B., J.M. Burkholder, R.E. Reed, A.J. Lewitus, J.E. Kleinman. 2004. Real-time remote monitoring of water quality: a review of current applications, and advancements in sensor, telemetry, and computing technologies. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 300:409-448.

Kamykowski, D., E.J. Milligan, R.E. Reed, and W. Liu. 1999. Geotaxis/phototaxis and biochemical patterns in Heterocapsa (= Cachonina) illdefina (Dinophyceae) during diel vertical migrations. Journal of Phycology 35:1397-1403.

Kamykowski, D., E.J. Milligan, and R.E. Reed. 1998. Relationships between geotaxis/phototaxis and diel vertical migration in autotrophic dinoflagellates. Journal of Plankton Research 20:1781-1796.

Kamykowski, D., E.J. Milligan, and R.E. Reed. 1998. Biochemical relationships with the orientation of the autotrophic dinoflagellate, Gymnodinium breve, under nutrient-replete conditions. Marine Ecology Progress Series 167:105-117.

Reed, R.E., G.J. Kirkpatrick, and D. Kamykowski. 1997. Short-period photophysioloical responses of Thalassiosira pseudonana during photoacclimation to near surface irradiance. In: Ocean Optics XIII, by S. Ackleson and R. Frouin [eds.]. Proceedings of the International Society for Optical Engineering (SPIE) 2963:514-519.

Kirkpatrick, G.J., D. Kamykowski, and R.E. Reed. 1997. Phytoplankton quantum yield measured on minute time scales in situ. In: Ocean Optics XIII, by S. Ackleson and R. Frouin [eds.]. Proceedings of the International Society for Optical Engineering (SPIE) 2963:868-873.

Kamykowski, D., G.S. Janowitz, G.J. Kirkpatrick and R.E. Reed. 1996. A study of time- dependent primary production in a natural upper ocean mixed layer. Journal of Plankton Research 18:1295-1332.

Kamykowski, D., R.E. Reed and G.J. Kirkpatrick. 1992. A comparison of sinking velocity, rotation, swimming velocity and path characteristics among six marine dinoflagellate species. Marine Biology 113:319-328.

Kirkpatrick, G.J., T.B. Curtin, D. Kamykowski, M.D. Feezor, M.D. Sartin, and R.E. Reed. 1990. Measurement of photosynthetic response to euphotic zone physical forcing. Oceanography 3:18-22.