B.S. (1975) Zoology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC
M.S. (1977) Poultry Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC,
Ph.D. (1989) Nutrition / Minor - Microbiology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC
IMPACT and CONTRIBUTION
APWMC program management: Established in 1996, the APWMC is a research partnership of NCSU, the private sector, commodity organizations, other universities, environmental organizations and government agencies. Primary program focus areas include the development of innovative animal waste treatment technologies and environmental technology performance verification. Currently, the APWMC is coordinating the NC Attorney General Agreements with Smithfield Foods & Premium Standard Farms for the development, identification, and implementation of "Environmentally Superior Technologies".
Research interest: Biotechnology applications for value-added processing of animal by-products. Anaerobic fermentation of animal manure for energy production, odor control, and pathogen management. Stable isotope geochemistry for determining the fate of land applied animal manure.
MOST RECENT PUBLICATIONS
Williams, C.M. 2009. Development of environmentally superior technology in the U.S.and policy. Bioresour. Techno. 100:5512-5518.
W.J. Showers, C.M. Williams, and G.D. Jennings. 2006. Impact of large poultry operations on groundwater : stable 15N isotopes of nitrate assessment. International J. Poultry Sci. 5(4):318-329.
Schiffman, S.S., and C.M. Williams. Science of odor as a potential health issue. 2005. J. Environ. Qual. 34:129-138.
Williams, C. M. 2002. CAFOs: Issues and development of new waste treatment technology. Penn State Environmental Law Review. Vol. 10 Number 2:217-247.
Williams, C.M., J.C. Barker, and J.T. Sims, 1999. Management and utilization of poultry wastes. Rev Environ Contam Toxicol 162:105-157.